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中国建筑业协会会长王铁宏在建设工程施工技术创新优秀成果暨全国建筑业企业总工程师工作经验交流大会上的讲话

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中国建筑业协会会长王铁宏在建设工程施工技术创新优秀成果暨全国建筑业企业总工程师工作经验交流大会上的讲话

发布日期:2019-01-22 作者: 点击:

亚博体育彩票ZHONGGUOJIANZHUYEXIEHUIHUIZHANG WANGTIEHONG

GEWEITONGXING、GEWEIZONGGONG、TONGZHIMEN:

DAJIASHANGWUHAO!

JINTIANWOMENZAIZHEILIZHAOKAIJIANSHEGONGCHENGSHIGONGJISHUCHUANGXINYOUXIUCHENGGUOJIQUANGUOJIANZHUYEQIYEZONGGONGCHENGSHIGONGZUOJINGYANJIAOLIUDAHUI,TUIGUANGJIANSHEGONGCHENGSHIGONGJISHUCHUANGXINYOUXIUCHENGGUO,ZONGJIEQUANGUOJIANZHUYEQIYEZONGGONGCHENGSHIGONGZUOXIANJINJINGYAN,MUDESHITUIDONGJIANZHUYEKEJIJINBU,WEISHISHIGUOJIACHUANGXINQUDONGFAZHANZHANLVEZUOCHUYINGYOUGONGXIAN。

XIAMIANWOCONGSANGEFANGMIANTANDIANYIJIAN。

一、深入贯彻十九大精神,抓好行业科技创新

亚博体育彩票SHIJIUDABAOGAOTICHULEJIANSHECHUANGXINXINGGUOJIADEZHONGDAZHANLVEFANGZHEN,MINGQUEYAOJIANSHE“KEJIQIANGGUO、ZHILIANGQIANGGUO、HANGTIANQIANGGUO、WANGLUOQIANGGUO、JIAOTONGQIANGGUO、SHUZIZHONGGUO、ZHIHUISHEHUI”,“SHENHUAKEJITIZHIGAIGE,JIANLIYIQIYEWEIZHUTI、SHICHANGWEIDAOXIANG、CHANXUEYANSHENDURONGHEDEJISHUCHUANGXINTIXI,JIAQIANGDUIZHONGXIAOQIYECHUANGXINDEZHICHI,CUJINKEJICHENGGUOZHUANHUA”,BINGYAO“PEIYANGZAOJIUYIDAPIJUYOUGUOJISHUIPINGDEZHANLVEKEJIRENCAI、KEJILINGJUNRENCAI、QINGNIANKEJIRENCAIHEGAOSHUIPINGCHUANGXINTUANDUI”,“JIANSHEZHISHIXING、JINENGXING、CHUANGXINXINGLAODONGZHEDAJUN,HONGYANGLAOMOJINGSHENHEGONGJIANGJINGSHEN,YINGZAOLAODONGGUANGRONGDESHEHUIFENGSHANGHEJINGYIQIUJINGDEJINGYEFENGQI”,QIANGDIAO“RENCAISHISHIXIANMINZUZHENXING、YINGDEGUOJIJINGZHENGZHUDONGDEZHANLVEZIYUAN”。

WOMENJIANZHUYEYAOZAISHENKELINGHUISHIJIUDAJINGSHENDEJICHUSHANG,LUOSHIHAO《GUOWUYUANBANGONGTINGGUANYUCUJINJIANZHUYECHIXUJIANKANGFAZHANDEYIJIAN》HEZHUFANGCHENGXIANGJIANSHEBUFABUDE《JIANZHUYEFAZHAN“SHISANWU”GUIHUA》,YIJIQUANGUOZHUFANGCHENGXIANGJIANSHEGONGZUOHUIYIQIANGDIAODEJIANCHIYIGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGEWEIZHUXIAN,TUIDONGZHUFANGCHENGXIANGJIANSHEFAZHANZHILIANGBIANGE、XIAOLVBIANGE、DONGLIBIANGEDEMUBIAO,ANZHAOSHIJIUDABAOGAOYAOQIU,JIANLIKEJICHUANGXINPINGTAIHEDUOCENGCIDERENCAIPEIYANGTIXI,DALIPEIYUXIANDAIHUAJIANZHUCHANYEGONGRENDUIWU,CHUANGXINRENCAIPEIYANGYINJINZHENGCEHEJILIJIZHI,DAPO“JINGJIKEJILIANGZHANGPI、KEJICHENGGUOSHUZHIGAOGE”DEJUMIAN,JILIHEJIAKUAIKEJICHENGGUOZHUANHUA,BAGUANGDAKEYANRENYUANNINGJUDAOXINSHIDAIJIANZHUYEFAZHANGAIGEDEWEIDASHIYEZHONGLAI。

二、开展建设工程技术创新活动的重要作用

亚博体育彩票SHIJIUDABAOGAOZHICHU,“CHUANGXINSHIYINLINGFAZHANDEDIYIDONGLI”。WOGUOJIANZHUYEJINGGUODUONIANNULI,KEJIZHENGTISHUIPINGYOULEMINGXIANTIGAO。DANSHI,BUKEFOURENDESHI,JIANZHUYEKEJICHUANGXINDEDITOURU、DICHANCHUJUMIANSHANGWEICONGGENBENSHANGGAIBIAN,CHUANGXINJISHUZHUANHUAWEISHENGCHANLIDEZHILIANGHESHULIANGHAIYUANYUANBUGOU,SHIXIANJIANZHUCHANYEXIANDAIHUATEBIESHIYAOYOUYINLINGSHIJIEJIANZHUYEFAZHANFANGXIANGDEZIXINHAIRENZHONGDAOYUAN。

JIANZHUYEKAIZHANJIANSHEGONGCHENGSHIGONGJISHUCHUANGXINHUODONGJUYOUZHONGYAODEXIANSHIYIYI。YISHICUJINXINGYEFAZHAN。JIANZHUYEDEFAZHANYANYIQISHIJIUSHIJISHUCHUANGXINBUDUANSHENHUADEGUOCHENG,TEBIESHISHIBADAYILAI,WOGUOJIANZHUYEYIXIEZHONGYAOLINGYURUSHENJICHUSHIGONG、CHAOGAOCENGJIANZHUMOJIASHIGONG、DAKUADUHUAYIJISHU、DUOTALIANKUADAKUAJINGQIAOLIANGSHIGONGDENGSHIGONGJISHUYIJISHENSHIJIEXIANJINXINGLIE。KAIZHANSHIGONGJISHUCHUANGXINHUODONGDUIYUTUIDONGJIANZHUYESHISHICHUANGXINQUDONGFAZHANZHANLVE,CUJINJIANZHUYEKEJIJINBUHEZHUANXINGSHENGJI,JIAKUAIJIANZHUYEYUSHUZIJISHU、ZHUANGPEISHIJISHUDERONGHEFAZHAN,YINDAOJIANZHUYELVSEXIEDIAOFAZHAN,GULIDAZHONGCHUANGYE、WANZHONGCHUANGXINJUNJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。ERSHIQIANGHUAQIYEKEJIGUANLI。KAIZHANJIANSHEGONGCHENGSHIGONGJISHUCHUANGXINHUODONG,DUIYUZENGQIANGJIANZHUYEQIYEKEJICHUANGXINYISHI,CHUANGZAODAPIZHUANLI、GONGFA、SHIFANGONGCHENG,JIJIYINGYONGJIANZHUYE10XIANGXINJISHUWEIDAIBIAODEXIANJINJISHUYIYIZHONGDA。TEBIESHIJINNIANYOUDUOXIANGSHIGONGJISHUCHUANGXINCHENGGUORONGHUOGUOJIAKEJIJINBUJIANG,CHENGWEIXINGYEKEJIFAZHANDEXIANJINDAIBIAO。SANSHIPEIYUHEJIJURENCAI。CHUANGXINQUDONGSHIZHISHANGSHIRENCAIQUDONG。SHIBADAYILAI,WOGUOJIANZHUYEQIYEYONGXIANCHULEYIPIJUYOUCHUANGXINJINGSHEN、GONGZUOCHENGJITUCHUDEZONGGONGCHENGSHI,WEIXINGYEDECHUANGXINFAZHANZUOCHULEBIAOLV。KAIZHANSHIGONGJISHUCHUANGXINHUODONG,YOULIYUCUJINXINGYEKEJIGONGZUOZHE,TEBIESHIQIYEZONGGONGCHENGSHI,WEICHUANGXINJISHUDESHISHIHECHUANGXINTUANDUIJINGZHENGLIDETISHENGZUOCHULEZHUOYUEGONGXIAN。

三、充分认识我国建筑业改革发展与转型升级的大趋势

亚博体育彩票DANGQIAN,WOMENZHENGZAISHENRUXUEXIGUANCHEDANGDESHIJIUDAJINGSHEN,TUIJINXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIWEIDAZHENGCHENG。JIANZHUYEGAIGEFAZHANYUZHUANXINGSHENGJI,ZHENGWEIRAOZHESANTIAOZHUXIANKAIZHAN。YISHIJIANZHUYESHENHUAGAIGEZHUXIAN。GUOBAN《GUANYUCUJINJIANZHUYECHIXUJIANKANGFAZHANDEYIJIAN》JIUJIANZHUSHICHANGMOSHIGAIGEYIJIZHENGFUJIANGUANFANGSHIGAIGEDENGZUOCHULEMINGQUEGUIDING:GUANYUSHICHANGMOSHIGAIGE,MINGQUEGULISHEJISHIGONGZONGCHENGBAOMOSHI;GUANYUZHAOTOUBIAOZHIDUGAIGE,MINGQUEANTOUZIZHUTIZHONGXINYAOQIU,DUISHEHUIZIBENTOUZIXIANGMUBUZAIJIANDANYIDAOQIE;GUANYUZHENGFUJIANGUANFANGSHIGAIGE,KAISHIZHIMIANWENTI,MINGQUEDUIJIAYISHUANGFANGTONGDENGYAOQIU;GUANYUZHILIANGJIANDUZHUTIZERENGAIGE,MINGQUELEYAOYANJIUJIANLIZHILIANGJIANDUTIZHIDENG。ZHEIXIEGAIGEDOUSHISHENCENGCIDE,FANGXIANGSHIZHENGQUEDE,XIAOGUOLINGJIANZHUYEQIDAI。XIANZAIGUANJIANDEGUANJIANJIUSHIKANZHEIXIEGAIGEZENMELUODI,SHENMESHIHOULUODI。ZHIDEGUANZHUHOUXUYIXILIEDEPEITAOWENJIAN。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZHICHU,WOMENYAO“ZHENQIANGZHENDAOTUIJINGAIGE”。YAO“ZHUAZHUTUCHUWENTIHEGUANJIANHUANJIE,ZHAOCHUTIZHIJIZHIZHENGJIE,NACHUJIEJUEBANFA,ZHONGDAGAIGEFANGANZHIDINGYAOQUEBAOZHILIANG。”ERSHIJIANZHUYEZHUANXINGSHENGJIZHUXIAN。YILVSEFAZHANWEIHEXIN,QUANMIANSHENRUDITUIDONGLVSEJIANZHU、ZHUANGPEISHIJIANZHU、CHAODINENGHAOBEIDONGSHIJIANZHUFAZHANDENG,YIJITUIGUANGLVSESHIGONG、HAIMIANCHENGSHI、ZONGHEGUANLANGDENGSHIJIAN。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZHICHU,“LVSEXUNHUANDITANFAZHAN,SHIDANGJINSHIDAIKEJIGEMINGHECHANYEBIANGEDEFANGXIANG,SHIZUIYOUQIANTUDEFAZHANLINGYU,WOGUOZAIZHEIFANGMIANDEQIANLIXIANGDANGDA,KEYIXINGCHENGHENDUOXINDEJINGJIZENGZHANGDIAN。”SANSHIJIANZHUYEKEJIKUAYUEZHUXIAN。HEXINSHISHUZIJISHUDUIJIANZHUYEFAZHANDESHENKEGUANGFANYINGXIANG。YANJIUBIMJIYUNJISUAN、DASHUJU、WULIANWANG、YIDONGHULIANWANG、RENGONGZHINENGJI3DDAYIN、VR/AR、SHUZILUANSHENG、QUKUAILIANDENGDUIJIANZHUJIJIANZHUYE(BAOKUOXIANGMUGUANLI、QIYEGUANLI、XINGYEGUANLI)DESHENKEYINGXIANG。GUANYUSHUZIJIANZHU,YOURENRENWEIZHUYAOJIUSHIABC(RENGONGZHINENG+BIM+YUNJISUANDENGSHUZIJISHUYINGYONG),WORENWEISHANGXUGUONEIZHUANJIAXUEZHESHENRUYANJIUSHULIXINGCHENGQUANWEIYIJIAN。GUANYUSHUZIJIANZHUYEZESHIYIGESHIJIANCENGMIANDEKEJIFAZHANWENTI,HENDUOJIANZHUYEDAQIYEDEZHUYAOFUZETONGZHICHONGFENZHONGSHIGAILINGYUKEJICHUANGXINFAZHAN,LVXIANZAIXIANGMUGUANLI、QIYEGUANLIZHONGZONGHEYINGYONGSHUZIJISHU。ZHEISHIZHONGGUOJIANZHUYEYUYIXIEFADAGUOJIAJIANZHUYEBINGJIAQIQUDELINGYU,HENYOUKENENGSHIZHONGGUOJIANZHUYEWANDAOCHAOCHE,YINLINGSHIJIEJIANZHUYEFAZHANFANGXIANGDELINGYU。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZHICHU,“ZHUAZHULECHUANGXIN,JIUZHUAZHULEQIANDONGJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANQUANJUDENIUBIZI”,“GUOJIJINGZHENGXINYOUSHIYEYUELAIYUETIXIANZAICHUANGXINNENGLISHANG。SHEIZAICHUANGXINSHANGXIANXINGYIBU,SHEIJIUNENGYONGYOUYINLINGFAZHANDEZHUDONGQUAN”,“XINYILUNKEJIGEMINGDAILAIDESHIGENGJIAJILIEDEKEJIJINGZHENG,RUGUOKEJICHUANGXINGAOBUSHANGQU,FAZHANDONGLIJIUBUKENENGSHIXIANZHUANHUAN,WOMENZAIQUANQIUJINGJIJINGZHENGZHONGJIUHUICHUYUXIAFENG。”

WEIRAOYISHANGSANTIAOZHUXIAN,YAOTUCHUGUANZHUSIGEFANGMIANWENTI。

(一)关于装配式建筑发展。中国为什么要发展装配式建筑。中共中央、国务院《关于进一步加强城市规划建设管理工作的若干意见》指出,要大力推广装配式建筑。力争在10年左右时间,使装配式建筑占新建建筑的比例达到30%。我国现有的传统技术虽然对城乡建设快速发展贡献很大,但弊端亦十分突出:一是粗放式,钢材、水泥浪费严重;二是用水量过大;三是工地脏、乱、差,往往是城市可吸入颗粒物的重要污染源;四是质量通病严重,开裂渗漏问题突出;五是劳动力成本飙升,招工难管理难质量控制难(这一条恰恰是最本质的)。这表明传统技术已非改不可了,必须大力发展装配式建筑。经过近10年的艰苦努力,我国装配式建筑已经取得突破性进展,很多领域处于世界领先地位,归纳起来大致有3种模式:一是钢筋混凝土预制装配式建筑(PC),适合于量大面广的多层、小高层办公、住宅建筑。二是钢结构预制装配式建筑,适合于高层超高层办公、宾馆建筑,部分应用到住宅建筑。三是全钢结构全装配式建筑,适合于高层超高层办公、宾馆、公寓建筑,完全替代传统技术,更加节能、节钢、节混凝土、节水,部品化率可达80~90%。此装配式非彼装配式,对此要有全面辩证思维。各有市场细分,各有特色,也各有局限性。全面推广装配式建筑发展,上海市引领了发展方向,上海市政府规定2016年起外环线以内新建民用建筑应全部采用装配式建筑;外环线以外不少于50%,并逐年增加。敦煌文博会主场馆成为工厂装配式发展的经典范例,中建总公司仅用8个月的时间就又好又省又快的建成了,不但结构装配化,机电设备装配化,装饰装修也装配化,装配化率达到91.92%,创造了新的“敦煌奇迹”。

(二)关于市场模式变革。国家大力推行PPP模式,逐渐形成了巨大的市场规模。PPP项目的大市场,带来发展机遇的同时也带来了挑战。如何推动民营建筑业企业参与PPP项目。一是地方政府应加大对民营建筑业企业的扶持力度,通过调研我们认为各地应学习借鉴江苏的经验做法;二是民营建筑业企业要发挥自身特点,联合优势互补企业参与PPP项目,相信随着省、市、县级PPP项目的广泛落地,民营企业参与PPP项目的机会会大大增加;三是民营建筑业企业可采用设计施工总承包模式,积极介入已落地实施的PPP项目,承揽其总承包业务。EPC的关键在于形成真正意义上优化设计、缩短工期、节省投资的甲乙双方理性契约关系。PPP则是更深入的改革,是投资方式改革的深化,必然产生公共投资项目全面提高投资质量和效益的改革效果,不以人的意志为转移。可以断定,真正意义的PPP必然需要EPC,真正实现EPC则必然需要建筑产业综合技术的全面创新和提升。相信,这将会是经济新常态下转型发展的必然要求,也是供给侧改革创新的必然要求。

(三)关于“一带一路”倡议。“一带一路”倡议将对建筑业带来深刻影响。根据国务院发布的“一带一路”战略总体规划,将覆盖全球63%约44亿人口、29%经济总量约21万亿美元。“一带一路”沿线国家大多是新兴经济体和发展中国家,普遍处于经济高增长时期,基建需求庞大,开展互利合作的前景广阔,基础设施互联互通是优先建设领域,这为中国企业“走出去”提供了更广阔的发展空间。

(四)关于雄安新区规划建设。雄安新区建设将对建筑业转型升级起到跨越性的促进作用。中央决定规划建设雄安新区,从宏观、战略和历史的层面,如何规划建设好雄安新区,我们建议,一是历史性地把握好雄安新区规划建设的三要素——城市天际线、建筑轮廓线、科学的交通路网。二是全面地把控好规划建设的核心价值观内涵——低碳、简约、实用。三是深刻地把脉住其特殊的政治、经济、社会、文化、历史的重要作用——演义中华民族伟大复兴历史责任的现代化的国际大都市的经典范例,千年大计。我们也提出了许多具体建议,如新区的标志性建筑等都要通过碳排放方案评审;如全面实现绿色建筑;如大力推广装配式与超低能耗的被动式建筑(有专家指,雄安新区建筑约80-90%应为装配式建筑);如所有建筑工地都要实现绿色施工;还如规划建设之初就要把握好“大中水回用”的节水战略,建设海绵城市;再如规划建设之初就要把握好城市综合管廊规划建设;又如雄安新区不但要引领数字建筑技术的发展方向,而且还要引领数字建筑业(项目、企业、行业管理)发展方向。

JIANZHUYEQIYEDEZONGGONGCHENGSHIZUOWEIQIYEJUECEZHEDEJISHUZHICHENG,DUICUJINJIANZHUYEZHUANXINGSHENGJIHEQIYEKUAYUESHIFAZHANDEZUOYONGFEICHANGZHONGYAO,BUKEHUOQUE。WOZAICITIQINGZONGGONGMENYAOSHENRUXUEXIGUANCHEDANGDESHIJIUDAJINGSHEN,QIANGHUADANDANGJINGSHENHEZERENYISHI,SHENRUYANJIUJIANZHUYEZHUANXINGSHENGJIDESANTIAOZHUXIANHESIGEWENTI,BAWOHAOXINGYEFAZHANHEQIYEFAZHANDEDAFANGXIANGDAQUSHI,YANJIUMINGQUEQIYEGAIGEFAZHANYUZHUANXINGSHENGJIDEDAZHANLVE,QUDECHUANGXINTUPOZHONGYAOCHENGGUO。

TONGZHIMEN,SHIJIANWUZHIJING,CHUANGXINYIWUZHIJING。WOMENBIXUYUSHIJUJIN,BUDUANTUIJINLILUNCHUANGXIN、SHIJIANCHUANGXIN,JIADAJIANSHEGONGCHENGJISHUCHUANGXINLIDU,ZENGQIANGQIYEHEXINJINGZHENGLI,CUJINJIANZHUYEGAIGEFAZHANHEZHUANXINGSHENGJI,WEI“LIANGGEYIBAINIAN”DEFENDOUMUBIAOZUOCHUJIJIDEGONGXIAN。


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