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浅谈高填方边坡的稳定性分析与治理对策

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浅谈高填方边坡的稳定性分析与治理对策

发布日期:2016-07-27 作者: 点击:

【摘 要】高填方边坡的稳定性一直都是影响工程质量与安全的一大重要技术问题,如何对高填方边坡的稳定性做到准确分析,并寻找对应的加固方法,已经成为边坡工程的一个难题。本文通过实例对高填方边坡的稳定性进行分析,并探求合理的对策,以避免发生边坡失稳事故。

【关键词】高填方边坡;稳定性;对策

亚博体育彩票GAOTIANFANGSHIZHIGENJUXUYAOJIANGZHIDINGQUYUYONGTU、SHUINIHUOSHIZIDENGCAILIAOYONGFENCENGHUOZHENIANYADENGFANGSHI,JIANCHENGBIZHOUWEIJIANZHUGAOYIXIEDESHEJI。GAOTIANFANGBIANPOJIUSHIYONGGAOTIANFANGSHEJIFANGSHIJIAGAODEBIANPO。YOUYUGAOTIANFANGBIANPOTUCHUWEIZHI,QIWENDINGXINGBUJINGUANXIDAOBIANPODEWENGU,ERQIEYIDANCHUXIANBENGTADENGQINGKUANGJIANGWEIJIDAOZHOUWEIDEJIANZHU、RENDENG,YINCIGAOTIANFANGBIANPODEWENDINGXINGBURONGWOMENHUSHI。BENRENYU2012NIANCHUJIEDAO“WUZHOUSHI220kVHONGLINGBIANDIANZHAN”(XIANYIGAIMINGWEIFEICUIBIAN)DESHEJIRENWU,FUZEGAIGONGCHENGDE‘SANTONGYIPING’DENGSHIGONGTUZHIDESHEJIGONGZUO。220kVHONGLINGBIANWEIGUANGXISHOUGE3CLVSEZHINENGBIANDIANZHAN。GAIGONGCHENGXUANDINGDEZHANZHI,WEIYUWUZHOUSHIHUOCHEZHANXIPIANNANWEIZHI,GAIQUYUNIJIANCHENGWULIUYUANQU,ZHANZHIJINLINCHENGSHIZHENGGUIHUALU。220kVHONGLINGBIANZHANQUCHANGDINANMIANWEITIANFANGDUAN,ANZHAOCHANGPINGBIAOGAO(56m-55.75m),HONGLINGZHANZHITIANTUBIANPOZUIGAOWEI26MI。YINCIGAIGONGCHENGCHUSHEJIEDUANKAOLVCAIYONGZIRANFANGPOHETANSASHENGTAIBIANPOLIANGZHONGFANGAN。TANSASHENGTAIBIANPOFANGANJIESHENGZHANDI,YOUYUJINXINGJIAJINCHULI,FENCENGNIANYAHOUNENGYOUXIAOKONGZHIBUJUNYUNCHENJIANG。HUITIANTUFANGLIANGXIAO,XUYAOWAIGOUTUSHAO,YOUXIAOJIANSHAOWAIYUNTIANLIAOCHANSHENGDEFEIYONG。WANGONGHOUYUZHOUWEIHUANJINGNENGHENHAORONGWEIYITI。ZIRANFANGPOYUTASAFANGANBIJIAO,ZIRANFANGPOZHENGDIMIANJIDA6MU,LINSHIYONGDIDA6.7MU,HUITIANTUFANGDUO34000m3,DANGTUQIANGDUO1860m3。ZIRANFANGPOJIAOTASAFANGANGONGCHENGZONGZAOJIADUO140WAN。

1.高填方边坡稳定性分析方法与加固技术的研究现状

亚博体育彩票1.1GAOTIANFANGBIANPOWENDINGXINGFENXIFANGFADEYANJIUXIANZHUANG

亚博体育彩票HUAPOXIANXIANGZAIZIRANJIEZHONGSHICHANGFASHENG,YEYINQILERENMENGUANGFANDEGUANZHU。ZAOQIRENMENYINGDUIGAOTIANFANGBIANPOZHUYAOCAIQUDINGXINGFENXIDEFANGFA,QIWEINENGDECHUGAOTIANFANGBIANPOWENDINGXINGDEXIANGGUANSHUJU,ZHINENGDAZHIQUEDINGSHIFOUWENDING。SUIZHERENMENDUIGAOTIANFANGBIANPOWENDINGXINGDESHENRUYANJIUHETANSUO,RENMENKAISHISHIYONGYIXIEDINGLIANGFENXIDEFANGFA,CONGBUTONGJIAODUJIANLIMOXINGDUIBIANPODEWENDINGXINGJINXINGYANJIU,SHIDECHUDEGAOTIANFANGBIANPOWENDINGXINGDEJIEGUODEDAOSHUJUZHICHI。JIEZHIDAOMUQIAN,GAOTIANFANGBIANPOWENDINGXINGFENXIZHUYAOYOUDINGXINGFENXIFAHEDINGLIANGFENXIFALIANGZHONGFANGFA。GENJUBUTONGDEBIANPO,DINGXINGFENXIFAKEFENWEIZIRANLISHIFENXIFA、NUOMOTUFA、CHIPINGJISHETOUYINGFA、GONGCHENGLEIBIFA、ZHUANJIAXITONG、FANLITUILIFADENGFANGFA,BIAO1LIECHULEDINGXINGFENXIFASHANGSHUFANGFADEYUANLIJIQIFAZHANDONGTAI。DINGLIANGFENXIFAYOUQUEDINGXINGFENXIFAHEBUQUEDINGFENXIFA;QUEDINGXINGFENXIFABAOKUOJIXIANPINGHENGFAHESHUZHIFENXIFA,JIXIANPINGHENGFABAOKUORUIDIANTIAOFENFA、BishopTIAOFENFA、SarmaFA、SIBINSAIFA、MOGENSITAN-PULAISIFA、CHUANDIXISHUFADENGFANGFA,SHUZHIFENXIFABAOKUOYOUXIANYUANFA(FEM)、YOUXIANCHAFENFA(FDM)、WUJIEYUANFA(IDEM)、SHUZHILIUXINGYUANFA(NMM)DENGFANGFA;BUQUEDINGFENXIFABAOKUOKEKAODUPINGJIAFA、RENGONGSHENJINGWANGLUOFENXIFA(ANN)、HUISEXITONGPINGJIAFA、MOHUPINGJIAFA、YICHUANFA、ZONGHEFADENGFANGFA。

1.2GAOTIANFANGBIANPOJIAGUJISHUDEYANJIUXIANZHUANG

亚博体育彩票GAOTIANFANGBIANPOHUAPO、TANTADENGBIANPOWENDINGXINGBULIANGDAILAIDEWEIHAIHUIDAILAIJINGJISUNSHI,SHENZHIZAOCHENGBUKENIZHUANDEJUDAZAIHAI,YINCI,DUIGAOTIANFANGBIANPODEJIAGUJISHUJINXINGYANJIUJUYOUZHONGYAODEXIANSHIYIYIHESHEHUIYIYI。SUIZHEGONGCHENGSHIYINGDUIJUYOUBUTONGWENDINGXINGDEBIANPO,JIEZHIDAOMUQIAN,YIJINGYANJIUCHULEBUSHAOGAOTIANFANGBIANPODEJIAGUJISHU。GAOTIANFANGBIANPODEJIAGUJISHUZHUYAOBAOKUOZHONGLISHIDANGQIANG、KANGHUAZHUANG、FUBISHIDANGQIANGMAOGANJISHU、XUANBEISHIDANGQIANG、GEGOUJIAGU、PENMAOWANGZHIHU、POLVFA、ZHUJIANGJIAGU、XUANGUASHIDANGQIANGDENGJIAGUJISHU。XIANYOUDEGAOTIANFANGBIANPOJIAGUJISHUDUOZHONGDUOYANG,ZHENDUIJUYOUBUTONGWENDINGXINGDEGAOTIANFANGBIANPO,WOMENXUYAOXUANZEHESHIDEJIAGUJISHU,YIERBUNENGMANGMUXUANZE。TONGSHI,WOMENHAIKEYIZHENDUIBUTONGDEBIANPOKEYICHUANGXINHUOWANSHANYIYOUDEBIANPOJIAGUJISHU,JINQUANLIQUXIAOCHUKEYIBIMIANANQUANYINHUAN,YIBAOZHANGRENLEIHECAICHANDENGDEANQUAN。

2.高填方边坡的稳定性分析

亚博体育彩票ZHENDUIWUZHOUSHI220kVHONGLINGBIANDIANZHANZHONGGAOTIANFANGBIANPODEXIANGMU,WOMENCAIQULEDINGLIANGFENXIFAYUDINGXINGFENXIFAJIEHEDEFANGFADUIQIDEWENDINGXINGJINXINGFENXI:(1)YINGXIANGGAOTIANFANGBIANPODEWENDINGXINGDEYINSU;BENXIANGMUDINGXINGFENXILEWUZHOUSHI220kVHONGLINGBIANDIANZHANZHONGGAOTIANFANGBIANPODEDIZHI、SHUIWEN、BIANPOCHENGYINDENGYINGXIANGBIANPOWENDINGXINGYINSU,DINGLIANGFENXILEBIANPODEGAODU、MIANJI、JINGJIXIAOYIDENGYINGXIANGBIANPOWENDINGXINGDEYINSU。(2)YINGXIANGGAOTIANFANGBIANPOWENDINGXINGYINSUDEMINGANXINGFENXI;HUISEGUANLIANDUFANGFASHIYANJIUXIANGGUANYINSUQUXIANDEBIANHUAQUSHI、FANGXIANG、DAXIAO、SUDUDENGBIANHUATAISHIXIANGSICHENGDU,YUEXIANGSIGUANLIANDUYUEDAYINGXIANGYUEDA,FANZHIYUEXIAO。BENXIANGMUZHONGCAIQUHUISEGUANLIANDUDEFANGFADUIZHAOCHUDEYINGXIANGBIANPOWENDINGXINGDEYINSHUJINXINGZHUCIFENXI,QUEDINGCHUZUIJUYINGXIANGLIDEJIGEGUANJIANYINSU。(3)XUANQUHESHIDEGAOTIANFANGBIANPOWENDINGXINGDEFENXIFANGFA;ZHENDUIWUZHOUSHI220kVHONGLINGBIANDIANZHANZHONGGAOTIANFANGBIANPODEYINGXIANGYINSU,XUANQULEDINGXINGFENXIFAHEDINGLIANGFENXIFAZHONGDEJIXIANPINGHENGFA。(4)JIANLIHESHIDEMOXING;QUEDINGZHEIGEBIANPOMOXINGJIEGOUDEBIANJIETIAOJIAN、HENGJIEMIANDEXINGZHUANG、DIZHISHUXINGXIANGGUANSHUJU、CHENGZAINENGLIDENGJIANLIHESHIDEMOXING。(5)QUEDINGCHULIFANGFA;GENJUMOXINGDECHUDEXIANGGUANSHUJUQUEDINGTUHEJIAGUCAILIAOGANGJINDENGDUIJIECHUMIANDECHULI,WUZHOUSHI220kVHONGLINGBIANDIANZHANZHONGGAOTIANFANGBIANPOCAIQULEZIRANFANGPODEFANGSHI,XIANJIANLIMOXING,RANHOUDUIDANYUANJINXINGTIANTUHEQITACAILIAO,BUDUANZHONGFUZHIZHIJIESHU。

3.高填方边坡的治理对策

RUOGAOTIANFANGBIANPOYOUYUBUWENDINGDEYUANYINFASHENGSHIGU,HOUGUOSHENZHIKENENGCHURENYILIAO,DUIYUGAOTIANFANGBIANPODEWENDINGXINGYIDANFAXIANWENTI,JIUYINGDANGCAIQUHESHIDEZHILICUOSHI,YIDUJUEKEYIBIMIANDEANQUANYINHUAN:(1)GENJUGAOTIANFANGBIANPOSUOCHUDEHUANJING、JIGOUDENGYINGXIANGBIANPOWENDINGXINGDEYINSU,ZHAOCHUKEYIJIEJUEGAOTIANFANGBIANPOWENDINGXINGDEYIXIEBEIXUANFANGAN,SHIYIZHONGDUOSHUXINGJUECEDEFANGFA,KEYIGENJUYINGXIANGYINSUDEQUANZHONG、ZHUCIDENGJINXINGDUICEXUANZE。(2)ZAIGENJUSHIJIQINGKUANGCONGBEIXUANFANGANQUEDINGJIAOYOUDEXUANZE,MUQIANGAOTIANFANGBIANPODEZHILIDUICEYOUXIAOPOJIANZAI、DANGTUQIANGGONGCHENG、MAOGUGONGCHENG、KANGHUAZHUANGGONGCHENG、HUPOGONGCHENGYIJIPAISHUIGONGCHENGDENGCUOSHI,KEYIGENJUSHIJIQINGKUANGCAIQUDUOZHONGFANGANZONGHESHISHI。(3)CONGKEXINGXINGFANGMIAN、HUANJINGFANGMIAN、GONGQIFANGMIAN、ANQUANKEKAOFANGMIAN、JINGJIXIAOYIFANGMIAN、CAOZUONANYIFANGMIANDENGFANGMIANDUIGAOTIANFANGBIANPODEZHILIDUICEDESHANGQUANDUOMUBIAOYOUXUANJINXINGJUEXUAN,QUEDINGZUIZHONGDEGAOTIANFANGBIANPODEZHILIDUICE。(4)DUIGAOTIANFANGBIANPODEZHILIDUICEJINXINGSHEJISHISHI;WUZHOUSHI220kVHONGLINGBIANDIANZHANZHANZHIFUJINQUYUNIJIANCHENGWULIUYUANQU,FUJINDIQULIERU2013NIANDUZHANGZHOUQUZHENGFUZHENGDICHAIQIANJIHUARENWU,BINGXIWANGYUNIANDIWANCHENGZHENGDIGONGZUO。JINGGUOYEZHUFANG,WUZHOUSHIYUNXINGWEIHUJUDUOFANGXIEDIAO,WUZHOUSHISHANGMAOWULIUYUANGUANLIWEIYUANHUITONGYIPEIHEBENGONGCHENGJIANSHE,JIANGJIANSHEZHANZHIFUJINSHIZHENGDAOLUKAIWADEDUOYUTUFANG,HUITIANZHIBIANDIANZHANFUJINDECHONGGOU,SHIBIANDIANZHANYUANLIGAOBIANPO,YIJIESHENGGAOBIANPODECHULIFEIYONG。GUCHUSHESHOUKOUDEZHANQUTUFANGANZHANQUXINANMIANWEIQIANGJULIHUITIANBIANPODING40MIJISUAN,HUITIANPOBIWEI1:1.5,ZHONGJIANSHESANGEMADAO,MADAOKUAN2.5MI,MADAOJIBIANPOWAIYANJUNSHEZHIJIESHUIGOU,POMIANZHICAOPI,FANGZHISHUITULIUSHI。GAIFANGANDEDAOSHENCHATONGGUO,SHIGONGTUZHIYIYU2012NIAN8YUEZHENGSHICHUBAN,BIANPOGONGCHENGZHENGZAISHIGONG(JIANFUTU)。

4.总结

亚博体育彩票GAOTIANFANGBIANPODEWENDINGXINGWENTIKANSIZHISHIGONGCHENGZHONGDEYIGEWENTI,DANSHIRUGUOBUNENGHENHAODEJIEJUE,HENKENENGZAOCHENGZHONGDASHIGUHEYANZHONGSUNSHI,WOMENYINGDANGJIAYIZHONGSHI。ZHENDUIBUTONGDEGAOTIANFANGBIANPO,WOMENKEYICONGDUOZHONGGAOTIANFANGBIANPOWENDINGXINGFENXIFANGFAZHONGXUANZEYIGEHUODUOZHONGFANGFAZUHE,RANHOUZAIGENJUSHIJIQINGKUANGCONGKEXINGXING、DIZHISHUIWEN、DANYUANJIEMIAN、JINGJIXIAOYIDENGFANGMIANYONGDINGXINGHEDINGLIANGFENXIFAJIEHEDEFANGFAQUEDINGZUIYOUFANGAN,YIJIANGGAOTIANFANGBIANPODEWENDINGXINGTIGAODAONENGTIGAODEZUIGAOCHENGDU。

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